An aerial view of the park around 1928
The above picture is from the book "Beckenham" by Eric Inman and Nancy Tonkin. Reproduced by courtesy of The Nancy Tonkin Collection.

Croydon Road Recreation Ground, together with that at Alexandra Road, now in Penge, was purchased by the Beckenham Local Board to provide public open spaces which had been lacking since the loss of the Fair Field for housing in the 1870s. The site was part of the open farmland which stretched along Croydon Road, even within the memory of people still living, to the hamlet of Elmers End. The park first came into use in the autumn of 1890 but its formal opening was on September 23rd 1891. On that date the village was ablaze with flags and bunting as the gentry, clergy, tradesmen, representatives of every organisation, and all the schoolchildren each wearing a medal specially minted for the occasion, made their way to the new park with bands playing and church bells pealing.

Click to enlarge pictureOn 11th January 1892 James George Thomas Baxter, a local gardener, was appointed the first supervisor of the new park at a wage of 24/- a week plus the use of the lodge, a position he was to hold until his retirement in the mid 1920s. His wife Lucy was given permission to serve light refreshments to visitors.

The layout of the ground has not basically changed since the opening day. It was the work of Reid and Bornemann of Sydenham who were awarded ten guineas by the Local Board for their designs for two parks. The Opening Organising Committee made a profit from their efforts and this was used to finance the construction of the 'oriental' shelter and drinking fountain erected by Weeks, the local ironmonger, and which features on so many of the early postcards of the park (see picture towards the bottom of page). The elegant bandstand, one of a pair by the Glasgow firm of McCallum & Hope Ltd (the other originally stood in Alexandra Park, Penge) probably dates from about the same period.

In 1914 the Council added the Hospital Meadow to the park though it was not able to make full use of the additional ground until the wartime allotments were removed in 1926. The hospital authorities later acquired a small part of the meadow for expansion but its attempt to compulsorily purchase the whole was finally defeated after a public enquiry in 1953. In the early 1930s access was provided to the newly extended Village Way which had previously been merely a cul-de-sac off the High Street. Originally there was an ornamental lake fed by a natural spring and incorporating a fountain from the gardens of Clock House in the park. This was replaced by the present paddling pool just before the outbreak of the last war.

The oriental shelter and drinking fountain   The old fountain area now

The ornate oriental drinking fountain c.1900
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The same view today

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During both wars the park was partly given over to allotments. In the last war it housed a wardens post and a surface shelter whilst the paddling pool became an Emergency Water Supply Point for the duration. Life in the park carried on as normally as possible, the Horticultural Society held its annual show as usual in July 1940 and the refreshment hut continued to function though it had to be granted a 6 rent refund in the last year of the war, not surprisingly, as trade was somewhat reduced by the hail of flying bombs which fell in the area. The park itself got off lightly; its haystack burned down in World War I and a couple of high explosive bombs did minor damage in September and November 1940.

Empire Day celebrations in 1900
Empire Day celebrations in 1900
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Sport has always been an important feature of the park. Before the 1914-18 war the annual cricketing contest between the coachmen and the gardeners, both numerous in the prosperous new town, was the highlight of the season. Beckenham Bowling Club, which still plays in the park, started life here as the Beckenham Bowling and Quoits Club round about 1899. The annual cricket match between the coachmen and gardeners of the local gentry became an important annual event. The picture below dates around 1906. A much larger white jack was then used and the rink had a white line or tape down the centre.

Bowls around 1906
The above picture is from the book "Beckenham" by Eric Inman and Nancy Tonkin. Reproduced by courtesy of The Nancy Tonkin Collection.

Bowling during the 1890's
Another picture of the bowlers during an Indian Summer of the 1890's
Click on the picture to enlarge

Over the years the Recreation Ground has been the meeting place of the residents of Beckenham whenever there have been funds to raise or events to celebrate. Coronations, Jubilees, Hospital Fetes, Empire Days and May Queen coronations have all seen the park packed with people enjoying the attractions set up for the occasion. Perhaps the biggest event to be staged was the annual flower show. Beckenham Horticultural Society was formed in 1892 and proceeded to mount an annual flower show which, in Edwardian times, rivalled Chelsea. The shows finally ceased in 1972. In addition to the annual flower show, Croydon Road Recreation Ground has been the scene of almost every civic and national occasion the town has celebrated. The shallow oval depression near the entrance, sometimes referred to as the Hippodrome, was flooded in winter and used as a skating rink.

Britain's first mail-carrying balloon, 1902detail from picture belowThe same site was the scene of a unique occasion in 1902 when, to celebrate the coronation of King Edward VII, Britain's first public mail-carrying balloon soared aloft with M. Gaudron, a French balloonist and Dr. Barton, a local medical practitioner, as crew. Mail was dropped at three points in Kent and the balloon itself then crossed the Channel and landed near Calais. Two more balloons ascended from the same spot at the 1905 flower show and, although by this time airmail had lost its novelty, the few cards which have survived are eagerly sought by collectors. Tom William Thornton, a well known publisher in Beckenham, was involved in the planning of this event and a plaque commemorating the event can be seen at Thornton's Corner in the High Street.

Although the annual flower show and the Hospital Fete together with its traditional fair are no longer held, the crowning of the Beckenham May Queen still takes place in April every year, following a procession through the district of all the May Queens and their attendants from the surrounding areas.


Perhaps the proudest occasion the Recreation Ground was to witness was in September 1935 when the Lord Mayor of London drove into the park in his ceremonial coach to present a Charter of Incorporation as a borough to Beckenham on behalf of H.M. The King.

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A video clip showing the Recreation Ground on Charter Day, 28th October 1935, when the Lord Mayor of London (Sir Stephen Killik) visited the Mayor of Beckenham (Baron Josiah Stamp)

and this video clip is from a 1935 silent film about the Borough of Beckenham and features Croydon Road and Alexandra Recreation Grounds and the many activities for which they were used in that era. Watch the full version here:

A military band on the bandstand around 1935
The bandstand was listed Grade-II in August 2019
(click picture to enlarge)

Ralph Hutchings from Chislehurst lived in Village Way after the war and remembers 'The Cossacks' performing in Croydon Road Rec. in 1945/46. He writes:

"With regard to The Cossacks - I remember quite clearly that they seemed to have quite small horses, I think that they wore furry hats (the Cossacks not their horses) and were otherwise a bit drab. Four to six lanes were marked out about 150/200 yards long and they raced to a finishing line.
For one race, two or three white objects were laid along the lanes at intervals and the riders had lances and had to collect the objects by spearing them. Another race was similar but the objects to be speared were hanging from wooden poles along the line.
The highlight was a race, without the lances, when they slid sideways from their horses then under the belly for a moment and up the other side - all at full gallop. It was just as we had seen the Red Indians at the flicks!"

He asks: Does anyone else remember them?
See a website about the troupe

In 1968 Beckenham Round Table organised a Donkey Derby in the Recreation Ground.
Pages from the afternoon's programme are reproduced below:

In mid-1969, David Bowie was still a long way from superstar status, despite having been in the music business for several years. He was living in Beckenham with a friend Mary Finnigan, and appearing most Sundays at The Three Tuns pub in Beckenham High Street (now Zizzi).

David organised a Free Festival at Beckenham Recreation Ground on August 16, 1969 of which more information and several pictures can be found at the Beckenham History website.

In celebration of the 1969 Free Festival, The Friends held a live music festival on and around the bandstand area in September 2013


The Croydon Road Gateway
The Gate Lodge and Gateway were listed Grade-II in June 2021

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The Friends of Croydon Road Recreation Ground 2008 -